Emergency response management

Emergency preparedness and response address emergencies and incidents, their prevention and minimization of impact on people and the environment.

Aiming at reduction of H2S risks while potential emergency emissions of hydrocarbons at the Karachaganak Field, in December 2018 KPO issued a Strategy of H2S protection of KPO and contractors’ personnel. To put into action this Strategy, the Company has bought gas masks and portable multi-gas monitors for own personnel and for the contractors. A special RPE Distribution Centre was opened in Aksai to ensure a centralized issue of personal respiratory protective equipment for personnel.

From May 2019, when entering the Karachaganak Field every employee of KPO or recruitment agency and official visitors of the Company should have a filter hood and a personal gas detector by KPO. Since February 2020, this requirement became mandatory also for KPO contractor organizations.

KPO operates a robust three-level Emergency Response system used to trigger a prompt response in case of any accident, incident or emergency, to assess its scale and to work out solutions how to contain and control it. The system is presented below.

KPO Emergency Response System

The Company’s emergency response system is annually validated through various emergency drills and exercises in line with the Company’s Level I, II and III Emergency Response Training and Exercise Plan. In addition to regular onsite emergency response drills, larger-scale exercises were conducted in 2019 with the involvement of emergency response groups of different responsibility levels. Also, weekly table top exercises were held both in the Field and Aksai town where the Incident Management Teams brainstormed various emergency scenarios to address the requirements of Unit`s Emergency Response Plans.

Moreover, within 2019 in line with the 2019 annual schedule, the Emergency Response team conducted the monthly theoretical training sessions with the Emergency Control Centre`s personnel at the KPO Emergency Coordination Centre. The training was attended by specialists from KPC, Unit-2, Unit-3, Gathering, Eco Centre, Well operations and Gathering departments.

Throughout the year, theoretical sessions and practical drills took place on a weekly basis with engagement of the KPO Emergency Response System teams, including:

  • Fire Fighting Service;
  • Gas Rescue teams;
  • Voluntary Gas Rescue teams;
  • Medical staff.

In 2019, KPO continued with training of staff on civil protection via an e-learning system, as required by the RoQ legislation. The KPO management team and leaders of Emergency Rescue teams and units passed the civil protection training at the WQO Department of Emergency Situations and had refresher courses at the Emergency Situations Committee’s training centre under the RoQ Ministry of Internal Affairs. Furthermore, 36 members of Emergency Management teams have passed specialised Major Emergency Management Response training this year.

The list of emergency response activities is provided in detail in the table below.

Emergency response exercises conducted by KPO in 2019

Exercise type / name

ER Levels involved


Description of activities

KPO Unit Drills



126 Unit Drills were conducted during the year according to the Emergency Response Drill Plan and targeting response to scenarios identified in the Unit’s Emergency Response Plan

Practical drills for donning Escape and Evacuation Breathing apparatus

Unit’s personnel

February, March, April, May

Theoretical and practical training of escape sets donning procedure

Steppe fire extinguishing drill

Field Emergency Rescue Services


Steppe fire extinguishing drill was held at well 347 aimed at practicing interaction of Fire Service personnel, Plough tractor drivers, ECC Operator, checking availability and condition of the grass fire-fighting equipment prior to the fire hazardous season.

Table Top exercises at Unit-2, KPC, Unit-3

II and III

April, June, September

Table Top exercises aimed at practicing interaction between Incident Control Team and Field Incident Management Team. Scenarios were selected from the Units’ Emergency Response Plans.

Casualty rescue from confined space Emergency Rescue Drills

I, Emergency Rescue Services

June, July, September

The drills were held at the well site and targeted at practicing emergency rescue operations from confined space, and interaction between Well Ops, Gathering, ECC Operator, Emergency Response Services, including Voluntary Gas Rescue Team.

Special tactical training exercise ‘Oil Spill at the crossing of Kushum river and KATS Pipeline’



Oil spills elimination in the waters of the Kushum river, at the points of its crossing with Karachaganak-Atyrau pipeline by deployment of booms and equipment for oil gathering

Tactical special exercise ‘WADE’



The exercise scenario involved the blowout imitation from manifold at KPC during the preparation for the piston launch, which subsequently led to ignition and a gas cloud production, as well as numerous injured of KPO and contractor employees

Multilevel Integrated Exercise ‘FOUNTAIN’



The exercise simulated the rupture of 2-inch bypass line before the pressure control valve of injection well with gas blowout to the atmosphere under the 400 atmospheres

Community preparedness

KPO specialists hold regular meetings with the officials of the rural districts located in the vicinity of sanitary protection zone of the Field and along the Karachaganak — Atyrau (KATS) pipeline to provide clarifications on matters, such as the importance of the KPC — Bolshoi Chagan — Atyrau export pipeline, emergency response system, community preparedness in case of an emergency at the export pipeline.

In 2019, 32 meetings were held in 28 settlements with engagement of 131 people.

In 2019, in accordance with to the approved Emergency Response Drilling Plan, the evacuation exercises engaging 78 people were conducted. Over 10 meetings with the authorities and the residents of settlements located along the perimeter of the Field were held. In total, 103 persons attended those meetings. The discussion topics covered the issues of fire safety and danger of wild animals.

Undertaken activities helped in raising awareness on community response in case of an emergency at KOGCF among all the residents.

Within the year, KPO Emergency Response specialists jointly with contractor representatives performed monthly testing of the alarm signals to maintain continued readiness of the public alarm stations located in the settlements.

In 2019, KPO initiated and finalized a project to enhance the public alarm system in the villages of Priuralnyi, Zhanatalap, Uspenovka and Zharsuat villages by installing additional loud speakers in order to enable verbal communication to the residents.

In addition, KPO continues its active engagement with local authorities in the periods of high water, fire danger and winter. The information on engagement is given in the table.

KPO engagement on emergency response with officials of the rural districts by the Karachaganak Field, 2019



Engaged community groups


Raise awareness of the emergency response system, roles and purposes of the village alarm stations and emergency actions to be taken in case of activation of the alarms

12 meetings with engagement of 103 people in total

Akims and employees of the Rural District Akimats, responsible persons and officials


Operation of the village alarm stations, communication order and actions of residents upon alarm activation, including evacuation of the residents in case of an emergency in the Field.

6 training sessions with engagement of 78 people in total

Akims and employees of the Rural District Akimats, responsible persons and officials, community members, residents


Meetings with the officials of settlements located along the export pipeline Karachaganak — Bolshoi Chagan — Atyrau (KATS), about interaction procedure in case of an emergency on the KATS export pipeline.

28 meetings with engagement of 131 people in total

Akims and employees of the Rural District Akimats, responsible persons and officials