Since 2011, KPO have been developing and implementing the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP), which determines the core activities of the Company for conservation of biodiversity and ecosystems in the region in accordance with the KPO Sustainable Development Charter.
The BAP is a part of a multifaceted work that enables to look at the problem of biodiversity conservation from the point of view of assessing the possible negative impact of production activities, the existing legal framework, the current state of the territory, its sensitivity and ability to recover, as well as the priority of conservation of species and territories (preservation of primary ecosystems) for the future, and to find a balance between «take» and «give» by all stakeholders, etc.
The basis for the BAP is the IPIECA document «Instruction on Preparing Biodiversity Action Plans for the Oil and Gas Industry», which proposes the structure of the Plan and the recommendations for its development.
The Biodiversity Action Plan includes the following tasks:
- determination of the legal requirements, regulation, planning and taking into account the opinion of the third parties;
- analysis of monitoring/baseline survey findings and existing information for the determination of the current state of the environment;
- identification of priority ecosystems, habitats and species for protection;
- evaluation of impacts and identification of the risks to biodiversity at the stages of the project implementation;
- environmental monitoring and control on the project territory;
- preparation of the list of planned biodiversity conservation actions;
- reporting, stakeholders engagement and assessment of the effectiveness of environmental protection measures.
As part of the scope of work under the Plan, since 2012, such types of research have been carried out as monitoring of fauna and vegetation.
Fauna monitoring is carried out every three years and involves following 17 walking routes and study of 5 sites. The assessment of the condition of individual animals’ habitats as well as the size and qualitative composition of various systematic groups of animals are identified by visual surveys. The habitats, behaviour and direction of species’ movement, breeding grounds are determined in accordance with the Guidance on Keeping Records of Water Birds (dated 1971) and Guidance on Keeping Records of Mammals (dated 1987).
Flora monitoring is carried out on 27 sites in comparison with previous years. The research includes the following: geo-botanical description: abundance, phenophase, vitality and level of anthropogenic transformation. Besides, vegetation samples are periodically taken for the content of chlorides, sulphates, sulphur, nitrates and petroleum products. Frequency — every 3 years.
It should be noted that all types of hunting and fishing are prohibited within the KOGCF as reflected in the internal «Area of Enhanced Controls in Karachaganak Field» Procedure.
Since 2011, KPO have been implementing activities in compliance with the Biodiversity Action Plan as shown in the table below.
Development of the Biodiversity Action Plan for 2012-2013.
Fauna monitoring within the KOGCF including the recording of rare fauna species.
Flora monitoring within the KOGCF effect area by four impact factors, specifically environmental emissions, physical disturbance, water abstraction and grazing;
Development of the KPO Biodiversity Action Plan for 2015-2016.
Monitoring of fauna including:
Monitoring of flora including:
Development of the Biodiversity Action Plan for 2018-2020 in accordance with the Guide to developing biodiversity action plans for the oil and gas sector published by IPIECA/IOGP.
Monitoring of fauna including the key and rare species:
Monitoring of flora including the key and rare species: